Health care is usually a state's second-largest spending area behind public education. The biggest health care issue for most states, given its impact on their budgets, is Medicaid, the cost of which is shared with the federal government, which created the program in 1965. States administer it subject to federal constraints and mandates.
"The Profitability of Nonprofit Hospitals: Do They Really Need More Money?" by Baylee Butler and Byron Schlomach documents the financial truth regarding Oklahoma's nonprofit hospitals from their publicly available Form 990 tax filings. It exposes the falsehood that nonprofit hospitals are near financial ruin and must have more taxpayer money to survive. Summary Erratum: This version corrects a digit in Table 2.
The biggest problem in health care is pricing. Health care inflation has exceeded the general inflation in most years for decades. This is due to the fact that most patients rely on others to pay their health bills - Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance. Private
insurance (actually pre-paid health care, is a result of incentives created by the federal income tax code. Today, we don't want to pay for health care ourselves because it's so expensive, but it is so expensive because we do not pay for health care ourselves.